Last edited by Arabar
Thursday, August 6, 2020 | History

2 edition of extraction and ultra-high vacuum mass spectrometry of argon from rocks. found in the catalog.

extraction and ultra-high vacuum mass spectrometry of argon from rocks.

Edward Farrar

extraction and ultra-high vacuum mass spectrometry of argon from rocks.

by Edward Farrar

  • 375 Want to read
  • 30 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Rocks, -- Analysis,
  • Spectrometer,
  • Physics Theses

  • Edition Notes

    Thesis (Ph.D.), Dept. of Physics, University of Toronto

    ContributionsYork, Derek (supervisor)
    The Physical Object
    Pagination146 p.
    Number of Pages146
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL20172244M

    The delayed extraction mode of ToF-SIMS operation was initially developed for analysis of samples with strong topography. 20 It allows for simultaneous lateral and mass resolution and has been demonstrated by Vanbellingen et al. to deliver nm lateral resolution upon imaging Purkinje cells of 20 μm average size. 15 More recently, Veith et. Vacuum technology General. Accumulation leak detection technique. A leak detection technique in which tracer gas () enters the part under test and is allowed to accumulate within the part, or within a system containing the part, for a period of time.

    Initially, we gutted the MALDI vacuum enclosure (hexapole housing) of a Waters SYNAPT G2 mass spectrometer removing the ion extraction lens, hexapole ion guide, and the laser to produce a minimalistic vacuum ionization source in order to further study MAI and to improve the robustness of the approach. 67 The MALDI sample plate loader was. Vacuum Instruments Corporation is a pioneer in providing state-of-the-art leak detection solutions for diverse applications and industries. Our systems have ensured the safety and performance of countless products that we use in our daily lives from the cars we drive to the air conditioners in our houses, the pacemakers in our bodies, and the satellites we launch into space.

    Mass spectrometry can be conducted in‐situ, on mineral separates, or dissolved specimen. Mass spec is also very good for analyzing extremely light elements (i e(i.e. H, Be, Li) because the ion beam is relatively low energy so light elements or things of very. Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry relies upon the impact of an energetic ion into a surface, transferring enough energy to atoms in the surface to allow them escape and be ionized (creating the secondary ion). The process is complex to model but some simple pictures can give insight into the process.


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Extraction and ultra-high vacuum mass spectrometry of argon from rocks by Edward Farrar Download PDF EPUB FB2

Noble gas extraction line and mass spectrometry. The gas extraction line is based on the system described by Solé () with only minor modifications.

The ultra-high vacuum sample chamber described in Section is connected to the extraction and cleaning line, and to the mass spectrometer. For these experiments, a liquid nitrogen cold Cited by: 9. Argon for isotope analysis was extracted from about 5 mg aliquots of samples using an ultra high vacuum line equipped with dual vacuum crucible (Halas, ).

The isotope analysis of individual. Mass Spectrometry and Ultra-High Vacuum Sven L.M. Schroeder, Norbert Weiher & Eugen Illenberger January 1. Objectives The objectives of this experiment are • To introduce you to mass spectrometry.

• To train you in operating a quadrupole mass spectrometer. • To make you familiar with vacuum equipment and technology. Mass Spectrometry and Ultra-High Vacuum. This problem can be overcome by means of static vacuum mass spectrometry, which allows N analysis at the nanomole level (e.g.

Boyd and Pillinger,Boyd et al.,Boyd, ). The only drawback of the method is a slight loss of precision on the isotopic measurement compare to dual-inlet mass spectrometry.

Determination of K-Ar ages in milligram samples using an infrared laser for argon extraction Article (PDF Available) in Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 23(22) November In these instances, a primary argon ion beam has been enhanced with a small oxygen jet or the actual primary beam used oxygen ions.

In all of these techniques mentioned so far, the SIMS technique could be carried out without the need for an ultra-high vacuum (UHV) environment. 40Ar/39Ar analysis has passed many milestones since its first application (Wänke & König, ).

From the early all-glass Reynolds-type vacuum system to today's high quality, bakeable all-metal piping and valve systems, the evolution of ultra high vacuum systems has been considerable. Extraction systems have faced similar changes over time. Ultra high vacuum Along with the development of ion beam sources and faster electronics for better counting statistics, many of the advances and improvements in sensitivity in mass spectrometry have occurred due to the improvement in the vacuum environment.

shelf life were analysed by two methods: solid phase micro extraction (SPME) and solvent-assisted flavour evaporation (SAFE)-gas chromatogra-phy-olfactometry-mass spectrometry (GC-O-MS).

A total of 41 volatile key compounds were identified. Among them, the predominant compounds in Sachima were tentatively identified by dilution analysis as being Mass analyzers: magnetic sector (precision mass analysis), quadrupole (depth profiling), time of flight (TOF, organic materials) – Magnetic sector: mass/charge ratio, good transmission, very high mass resolution (28Si and 12C16O, ie.

and ). High extraction energy results in surface roughness and charging. This system features an MAP mass spectrometer attached to a custom-made metal ultra-high vacuum (UHV) gas extraction and clean-up line. The UHV line comprises a cm 3 manifold with two chambers—each with a 6 cm diameter ZnS viewport—that are accessible to a 25 W CO 2 laser.

An automated air pipette is used to measure mass. A Simple Mass Spectrometer for the Analysis of Argon at Ultra-High Vacuum. A Simple Mass Spectrometer for the Analysis of Argon at Ultra-High Vacuum. Nature– ( Argon for isotope analysis was extracted from about 5 mg aliquots of samples using an ultra high vacuum line equipped with dual vacuum crucible (Halas, ).

The isotope analysis of individual argon fraction extracted was performed by means of static vacuum mass spectrometry.

An extraction discharge was formed at the tail flame of an Ar inductively coupled plasma (ICP) for atomic emission spectrometry.

Analytical performance was measured for 19 elements at 46 different wavelengths for the supplementary discharge and for the Ar ICP alone.

Detection limits of the Ar ICP used with the extr. Mass spectrometry - Mass spectrometry - Important technical adjuncts: In the devices heretofore described, the presence of a good vacuum system has been assumed. Mass spectroscopy originated at about the time that high vacuum was first attained in the laboratory.

High vacuum refers to a pressure low enough that the mean free path (the distance traveled between collisions) of molecules in the. •Mass spectrometry is an analytical tool used for measuring the molecular mass of a sample. •For large samples such as biomolecules, molecular masses can be measured to within an accuracy of % of the total molecular mass of the sample.

•For small organic molecules the molecular mass can be measured to within an accuracy of 5 ppm or less. Figure shows the typical components of a mass spectrometer system.

The substances to be analyzed are admitted to a vacuum chamber through the inlet system via a capillary or metering valve, for example, and then are ; pumped down with the vacuum system to the system’s working pressure.; The actual analyzer is located in the vacuum and consists of the following components.

Since the late 19 th century, radioactive isotopes such as uranium and potassium have been used to date billion-year-old rocks, but dating young rocks was a challenge because the radioactive decay products in such rocks are present in minuscule quantities.

Using then-new ultra high vacuum systems combined with mass spectrometry, UC Berkeley. Argon direct analysis in real time mass spectrometry in conjunction with makeup solvents: a method for analysis of labile compounds. Yang H(1), Wan D, Song F, Liu Z, Liu S.

Author information: (1)Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Renmin Street, ChangchunChina. In ultra-high vacuum technology (UHV) the mass spectrometer is a very useful tool to analyse vacuum properties. So nearly every UHV system has a quadrupole mass spectrometer included.

When the desired pressure is not reached, a mass spectrometer provides valuable evidence of an existing problem, e.g. the amount of.Liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (LC–MS) is an analytical chemistry technique that combines the physical separation capabilities of liquid chromatography (or HPLC) with the mass analysis capabilities of mass spectrometry (MS).

Coupled chromatography - MS systems are popular in chemical analysis because the individual capabilities of each technique are enhanced synergistically.Recent Advances in quadrupole mass spectrometry provide controllable field axis technology for: X Soft ionisation for simplified analysis of complex spectra - ion source control enables precise control of ionisation and ion extraction parameters with accurate adjustment of electron energy through the critical range eV up to eV.